The EYFS framework and profile

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) profile records the assessment of the child's progress in a range of developmental areas at the end of the academic year in which he or she turns five. The completed profile provides a resource to help Year 1 teachers plan appropriate lessons for the children. You can find exemplification materials for practitioners assessing children's development at the end of the EYFS on the GOV.UK website

The Statutory Framework for the EYFS

The Statutory Framework for the EYFS 2017 states that:

In the final term of the year in which the child reaches age five, and no later than 30 June in that term, the EYFS Profile must be completed for each child.

The Profile provides parents and carers, practitioners and teachers with a well-rounded picture of a child's knowledge, understanding and abilities, their progress against expected levels, and their readiness for Year 1.

The Profile must reflect: ongoing observation; all relevant records held by the setting; discussions with parents and carers, and any other adults whom the teacher, parent or carer judges can offer a useful contribution.

Each child's level of development must be assessed against the 17 early learning goals. Practitioners must indicate whether children are meeting expected levels of development, or if they are exceeding expected levels, or not yet reaching expected levels ('emerging').

The role of EYFS providers and the local authority

Early years providers must report EYFS Profile results to local authorities, upon request. Local authorities are under a duty to return this data to the relevant Government department. Providers must permit the relevant local authority to enter their premises to observe the completion of the EYFS Profile, and permit the relevant local authority to examine and take copies of documents and other articles relating to the Profile and assessments. Providers must take part in all reasonable moderation activities specified by their local authority and provide the local authority with such information relating to the EYFS Profile and assessment as they may reasonably request.

How is a good level of development (GLD) measured?

Children are defined as having reached a good level of development at the end of the EYFS if they have achieved at least the expected level in:

  • The early learning goals (ELGs) in the prime areas of learning (personal, social and emotional development; physical development; and communication and language) and
  • The early learning goals in the specific areas of mathematics and literacy.

At the end of reception year, providers should give parents a written report which:

  • States the child's attainment against the 17 ELGs
  • Summarises attainment in all areas of learning
  • Comments on general progress including the characteristics of effective learning (CoEL)
  • Explains arrangements for discussing the profile

Framework and handbooks